When the intra ocular pressure (IOP) (pressure in the eye) increases to dangerous levels, it damages the optic nerve causing Glaucoma which can be very destructive to your vision; in fact, it’s the second-leading cause of blindness in the U.S. This can result in decreased peripheral vision and, eventually, blindness. Glaucoma is similar to ocular hypertension but with accompanying optic nerve damage and vision loss.
Early diagnosis and treatment are the best way to prevent vision loss from glaucoma. See your eye care practitioner at least every two years for a complete examination, including an IOP check. The Glaucoma treatment (for any form) entails decreasing aqueous humor production, increasing fluid drainage or a combination of the two. These treatments will not restore any vision already lost to glaucoma. People at high risk for glaucoma due to high intra ocular pressures, family history, ethnic background, age or abnormal nerve appearance may need more frequent visits to the eye doctor.